Farming in Virginia: Let the Earth Heal

In 2018, the Coalition was approached by its Virginia members to help communicate about the benefits of the Commonwealth’s Agricultural Cost-Share Program. This program helps farmers implement best management practices (BMPs), like stream fencing, tree plantings, and well installation, on their land by helping to offset the costs of these projects. The amount of money available for these projects varies from year to year and, in some areas of the state, the demand exceeds available funds. As part of our effort to educate the public about the importance of this funding, the Coalition embarked on conducting a series of recorded interviews with farmers who have used the funding on their land.

Driving through the hills of western Virginia, I couldn’t help but think back on everything that we had done to get to this point. For months, our Coalition members and the local Soil and Water Conservation District representatives had worked to find farmers who had benefited from the Commonwealth’s Agricultural Cost-Share program and were willing to talk about it to a total stranger (me) and on camera. I understand. I don’t know how much I would enjoy some random person coming to my home and recording me walking around my property while asking me questions about my work. However, once we were there it wasn’t hard to get folks talking about all of the work they had done on their land.

The first visit we went on was a late addition to our shooting schedule and I am SO thankful that we were able to make it work. Not only was it the only sunny day out of the two filming days, but the farm manager, Tony Pullaro, was incredible to meet. Tony grew up on a family farm in New Garden, Virginia, but has been managing Edgemont Farm for the past 25 years. I was shocked to learn that Edgemont Farm has been around since 1796 and is home to one of the last residential buildings designed by Thomas Jefferson. The property also includes more than 500 acres of farmland.

Tony has been working with the Thomas Jefferson Soil and Water Conservation District since 2003, when they installed their first stream exclusion fencing and planted their first buffer. Touring the property, you can see the difference 15 years of conservation makes. The trees are tall, strong and healthy, and Tony has noticed more fish and other aquatic life showing up in the stream. The last project was just installed in 2017, which installed more fencing to exclude all the remaining streams and, in partnership with the James River Association, planted trees in the new buffer.

In total, Edgemont Farm has received $63,531.92 from the Virginia Agricultural Cost-Share Program, which has enabled them to install roughly 16,000 feet of stream exclusion fencing and created 40 acres of buffer. They also installed nine water troughs in conjunction with the stream fencing to create a 10 paddock rotational grazing system.

This is why the Coalition and its Virginia members support increased and steady funding for the cost-share program. To learn more about this program, visit

Supporting Virginia Farmers and Clean Water

There are approximately 46,000 farms covering 8.2 million acres (32 percent) of Virginia. Agriculture is also the largest source of nutrient and sediment pollution reaching local streams and the Chesapeake Bay. While many well-operated farms employ sound conservation practices that protect water quality, a lack of funding and technical resources prevent many farmers from implementing such practices.

The Virginia Agricultural Cost-Share (VACS) Program is designed to offset the costs of implementing best management practices (BMPs), like installing stream fencing and planting forest buffers, on farmland around the state. In October 2018, the Coalition interviewed three farmers who have utilized the program and have seen both the financial and environmental benefits first hand. While this program is essential to cleaning up our local rivers and streams, the amount of money available for these projects varies from year to year and, in some areas of the state, the demand exceeds available funds.

The Coalition and its members in Virginia support funding the Virginia Agricultural Cost-Share Program at the documented need of at least $100 million per year according to the Agricultural Needs Assessment and upholding consistent and adequate annual funding to ensure certainty. 

For more information on this program, please visit the Virginia Conservation Network.

A Day in the Life of a Congressman

It started with a Congressional office visit and a meeting with veteran staffer Brent Robinson. Brent has worked for Congressman Rob Wittman (R-VA) since he won a special election in 2007. 

As I do in many Congressional visits, I talked about the importance of funding the EPA Chesapeake Bay Program and also the Chesapeake Stewardship Grants that are funded by the Program. I provide a list of these on-the-ground restoration projects for each state and ask if the staff or the Member of Congress would like to see how these funds have been used in their district.  That question, posed several months ago, led to the June 1 tour for Congressman Wittman in Virginia’s 1st Congressional District.

The final agenda settled on visiting two sites – the first, a stormwater remediation project on a severely eroded headwater stream, and the second, a tour by boat of a restored oyster reef as part of a larger restoration of Urbanna Creek.

First, there is some important stuff to know about Congressman Rob Wittman. His political career began in local government in Montross and Westmoreland County on the Northern Neck. But his professional career included a long stint as an environmental health specialist with the Virginia Department of Health and as the Field Director for Virginia’s Division of Shellfish Sanitation. He has forgotten more facts about oysters and the ecology of the Chesapeake than I ever knew.

The tour was organized by the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation (NFWF), which administers the Chesapeake Stewardship Grants (both the Small Watershed Grants and the Innovative Nutrient and Sediment Reduction Grants).

Our first site visit was adjacent to a busy road outside of downtown Kilmarnock – a quaint little town on the Northern Neck. We gathered just off the main road at 8:30 a.m. and awaited the Congressman’s arrival. The group included a number of local elected officials from the Town and the County and folks from the Army Corps of Engineers, soil and water conservation district, Center for Watershed Protection, Friends of the Rapphannock and Ecosystem Services (the company leading a lot of the project work). We also had Jake Reilly and Mele Williams with NFWF and Kristen Saacke Blunk who coordinated the tours, Bill Street, Ex. Director of the James River Association and co-chair of the Choose Clean Water Coalition – and myself, who hates to pass up a boat ride.

Congressman Wittman pulled up in his pickup truck with the license plates that read, “cobia”. Anyone who knows the Congressman or has been in his DC office, knows that this is a man who is serious about fish and fishing – something I can relate to. I greeted the Congressman and had a brief discussion about the most important topic of the day – his cobia fishing trip over the weekend where he sight casted to cobia, with his smallest fish of the day weighing 62 pounds. These are the best eating fish in the Chesapeake (in my humble opinion) that unfortunately rarely make it far enough up the Bay to my neck of the woods near Annapolis.

We did some quick intros and then walked to the project site, where construction had not yet started. We walked a bit downstream to view the extremely incised and collapsing stream – with 10-20 foot drops to the dry streambed. In response to a question about which regulatory requirements this project would meet for the Town, the project director gave an incisive response – there was no state or federal requirement or credit for the Town to do this project. It was decided that this was the right thing to do and would stop a significant amount of sediment and nutrient pollution from moving downstream into the Corrotoman River. The Town wanted to lead by example. And they have.

We then shuttled over the Rappahannock River to Christchurch School where we met another group of folks involved with extensive restoration efforts on Urbanna Creek. We were greeted by Jeb Byers, the Headmaster of the school, who was gracious enough to provide vans to shuttle us to the marina to meet a boat that they also provided, so we could visit the oyster reef restoration component of the project in the Town of Urbanna on the Middle Peninsula. There were a number of students  who worked on the project, Paula Jasinski, who coordinated the project and also VA Delegate Keith Hodges (R-98th District), who represents the area and lives in Urbanna.

We boarded the boat to look at a couple of restoration sites, and to also learn about water quality improvements already noticeable in Urbanna Creek. Someone brought aboard a few large oysters from the reef we were about to see and handed one to the Congressman, who proceeded to examine the mollusk and quickly determine its age and overall good health. Any other Member of Congress would have been asking for cocktail sauce, but Congressman Wittman wanted to know more about the health of the oyster reefs and their impact on the watershed.

I spoke to the Congressman about the importance of the Chesapeake Stewardship Grants and our concern about ensuring that Congress continues to fund them. Congressman Wittman noted that he was well aware of the grant program – in fact, when he was on the Westmoreland County Board of Supervisors they applied for and received a Small Watershed Grant. He agreed that the grants were a great investment and that he would do what he could to see to it that the House included language to support the grant program, as they have done for a number of years. We also spoke briefly about the Farm Bill and how the Chesapeake has been getting shortchanged in conservation money.

I also spoke with Delegate Hodges for the first time, and was very impressed with his knowledge of the Bay and its issues as well as his concern for his district. He recognized the enormous economic challenges for the region but spoke about the green economy – the water and other assets the region had to sustain a great quality of life and to also bolster the economy.

It was another good day in a great and unique part of the Chesapeake region – and we got to spend it with people who are doing great work for their communities and ultimately for the Bay. And I got to have grilled cobia for dinner the night before – quite delicious.